The KATABATA project will enable ULiège researchers to have, for the first time, data allowing the observation of the katabatic wind speed of South Greenland in situ, thanks to the implementation and data collection of the three weather stations that will be installed in July 2020.

Projet scientifique

These observations of wind speed at 10 meters, collected every 15 minutes and retransmitted by satellite to ULiège, will enable :

  1.   Validation of the capacity of the MAR model (developed by ULiège) to simulate strong winds and their temporal variability at the 15min scale.
  2.   The construction of a robust climatology model of these katabatic winds in order to better understand their temporal variability by studying, for example, the katabatic upsurges that increase wind speed from ~100km/h to ~10 km/h in a few minutes and by evaluating the capacity of MAR to represent them,
  3.   Calibration of the MAR model to generate wind signals to accurately predict the production of wind turbines installed in Greenland when the model is run in weather forecast mode.
  4.   The potential justification, using robust statistics, of the interest of installing large wind farms in Southern Greenland and converting the green energy produced into e-fuels or building a Greenland-Europe electricity connection.

ULiège researchers see this project as a unique opportunity to accelerate the energy transition. At the end of the project, the weather stations will be removed by Greenland Guidance, a logistical organization and scientific support to the teams operating in Greenland, which has a boat to access the islands.

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